Gingerbread forms


Gingerbread form, 1875, Lower Silesia
Gingerbread form, 1875, Lower Silesia

        The Museum is proud of its collection of carved gingerbread forms which confirm the region’s outstanding position in the craft’s development. Wroc³aw, Brzeg, Nysa, ¦widnica, Bardo, Nowa Ruda were ranked among the most famous gingerbread centres. Great majority of 250-item collection comes from Lower Silesian regional museums, which give the group the clear local character. Many items prove high-quality of the quality woodcarving and justify the thesis that the collection is as precious as and comparable to the one of Toruń. Furthermore recurrent motifs appearing on some forms indicate strong historical associations of both centres. Many Lower Silesian craftsmen would arrive in Toruń to hone their skills and then would establish their workshops there thus contributing to the regional well-being and fame.

Gingerbread form, 19th century, vicinity of Ko¼le, Opole province
Gingerbread form, 19th century, vicinity of Ko¼le, Opole province

        The collection features various items as far as their size (from 10 cm to 1 m) and the technology (depending on their intended purpose) are considered. One can find here one-sided and two-sided forms as well as bipartite ones used for manufacturing solid products. Out of one sixth dated items in the collection, the oldest one comes from 1667 while the newest one – from 1875. Some sizable forms featuring sophisticated relief and marked with the owners’ or artists’ initials or with special sentences may have been produced for the sake of a master's exam.

Gingerbread form, 19th century, Lower Silesia
Gingerbread form, 19th century, Lower Silesia

        Exhibits originating from Bytom Odrzański featuring emblems of the guilds or towns and the names of master bakers deserve special attention.
        Relatively few religious topic forms were dominated by typical gingerbread motifs of ladies and knights dressed in adorned attire, hussars, infants, representatives of various professions, animals, alphabet tables and spinning circles or hearts. Most of them carry symbolic meanings presumed to convey particular meanings to a recipient.


Instytucja Kultury Samorz±du Województwa Dolno¶l±skiego

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